The main teachings of the Buddha focus on the Four Noble Truths and the Eight-fold Noble Path. They are called “Noble” because they enoble one who understand them and they are called “Truths” because they correspond with reality. Buddhists neither believe in negative thoughts nor do they believe in pessimistic ideas. In the contrary, Buddhists believe in facts, irrefutable facts, facts that all know, that all have aimed to experience and that all are striving to reach. Those who believe in god or gods usually claim that before an individual is created, he does not exist, then he comes into being through the will of a god. He lives his life and then ac-cording to what he believes during his life, he either goes to eternal heaven or eter-nal hell. Some believe that they come into being at conception due to natural caus-es, live and then die or cease to exist, that’s it! Buddhism does not accept ei-ther of these concepts. According to the first explanation, if there exists a so-called al-mighty god who creates all beings with all his loving kindness and com-passion, it is difficult to explain why so many people are born with the most dread-ful deform-ities, or why so many people are born in poverty and hunger. It is non-sense and unjust for those who must fall into eternal hells because they do not be-lieve and submit themselves to such a so-called almighty god. The second expla-nation is more reasonable, but it still leaves several unanswered questions. Yes, conception due to natural causes, but how can a phenomenon so amazingly com-plex as con-sciousness develop from the simple meeting of two cells, the egg and the sperm? Buddhism agrees on natural causes; however, it offers more satisfac-tory explana-tion of where man came from and where he is going after his death. When we die, the mind, with all the tendencies, preferences, abilities and charac-teristics that have been developed and conditioned in this life, re-establishes itself in a fertilized egg. Thus the individual grows, is reborn and develops a personality conditioned by the mental characteristics that have been carried over by the new environment. The personality will change and be modified by conscious effort and conditioning factors like education, parential influence and society and once again at death, re-establish itself in a new fertilized egg. This process of dying and being reborn will continue until the conditions that cause it, craving and ignorance, cease. When they do, instead of being reborn, the mind attains a state called Nir-vana and this is the ultimate goal of Buddhism.
Even though Science is not one of the main teachings in Buddhism, Buddhist the-ories are always in accord with science at all times. Albert Einstein confirmed: “If there is any religion that would cope with modern scientific needs, it would be Buddhism. Buddhism requires no revision to keep it up to date with recent scien-tific findings. Buddhism does not need to surrender its views to science, because it embraces science as well as goes beyond science.” Also according to Egerton C. Bap-tist: “Science can give no assurance. But Buddhism can meet the Atomic chal-lenge, because the supermundane knowledge of Buddhism begins where science leave off. And this is clear enough to anyone who has made a study of Buddhism. For, through Buddhist meditation, the atomic constitudes making up matter have been seen and felt.”